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CULTURAL MONUMENTS

ORTHODOX CATHEDRAL TEMPLE SAINTS CYRIL AND METHODIUS

INVESTOR:

Lovech diocese

CONSTRUCTOR:

Dipl. eng. Pencho Petkov Penchev

GENERAL CONTRACTOR:

Glavbolgarstroy AD – Pleven, Dipl. eng. Feodor Hristov Chernev

ARCHITECT:

Arch. Tsvetana Dimitrova Kovacheva

ADDRESS:

Lovech
INFORMATION

History of the project
 
The Orthodox cathedral temple project in Lovech was developed by hand drawn sketches made by a Greek monk - Father Roman from the Holy Spirit Monastery near Athens. The idea is from the metropolitan of Lovech Gabriel, who almost immediately after being elected as a head of Lovech diocese began to work for the construction of a new cathedral temple in the city. The bishop approves the depicted on the sketches temple and assigns a design team to develop an investment project according to them. The sketches of father Roman are done with skill and knowledge. On them on a raster are depicted all divisions and facades of the future temple. The presented temple is with a nave and two aisles with sloping roofs over which pyramidal domes rise - the bell tower, the central and the two sidewalks.
The construction of the temple began in 2005 with donations – the first is made by metropolitan Gabriel. The public opinion in Lovech is following with interest the construction of the temple. Some people say that the pyramidal domes are not typical for the church architecture. The Lovech metropolitan listens to them and assigns to the designers to change the project, so the appearance of the top of the building is changed. The domes are replaced by hemi-spherical. The four-sloped roofs of the corner towers are also changed with domes from each corner of the temple and highlight the main entrance to the pedestrian zone. The sloped roof over the naos is replaced with semi-cylindrical, which follows the shape of the roof shell. The roof and the domes are covered with copper sheets. In accordance with the new roof the shape of the fronts at the northern and southern entrances, which according to the original project are triangular and harmonize with the sloping roofs.
 Now they are with a smooth oval curve. The corners of the towers and the pediments are shaped with pilasters and the walls – with decorative plates. 
 
Description of the project:
 
 
Architectural part 
 
                          
   Situational solutions 
 
With an amendment to the current Detailed Development Plan of the town of Lovech, an Orthodox cathedral temple was designated Reg. XII in District No.196. It is part of a terrain that connects the urban garden with the Osam River and the Stratesh hill. On its periphery there are two four-storey public buildings from the south and a 6-storey block of flats from the east facing the narrow facade of the temple site.
 
The temple is situated as follows:
- not to close the space-to-space connection between the urban garden and the Stratesh hill, and at the same time its central dome not to be projected against the background of the block of flats of the East but to be freed from it as well as from the buildings from the south..
 
- to provide walking area and distance from the walking zone, so it is possible to perceive the whole volume of the building.
 
- - to keep the vertical connection between the existing levels of the square area so it can be visually connected with the temple.
 
- To keep as much as possible the green areas of the square.
Within the boundaries of the regulated land property, the building is located to provide:
- Sufficiently broad direct approach from the pedestrian zone to the main / west / entrance
- Walking area around the building so there can be held ritual processions.
         
 
Distribution and space solutions
The cathedral has a size of 20/39 m, with a built-up area of 705.37 m2. It is a three-nave, with an axis of symmetry east-west, with clearly separated three parts - narthex, naos and altar. It is raised above the terrain an average of 1.05 m.
The main west entrance is with a distinct arcade through which one can enter the temple. The arcade is flanked with two towers. The main western entrance is highlighted by an arcade through which the temple enters. The arcade is flanked by two towers. The space in the towers is divided into two levels - elevation level 0.00 and +5.00. At the first level of the towers there are a church shop and a dressing room. On the second level– in the south-west there is a vestry, and in the northwest there is a cauldron room at the request of the fire department.
 
There is a access ramp for disabled persons at the main entrance. 
The main temple space is consisted of a narthex, naos and altar. The naos is separated with massive square pillars – central and one on each side. Above the side ships and the narthex on level +5.00 ground zero there is a gallery, which can be reached by a three arm staircase. The middle part of the narthex goes vertically upwards and in it there is a staircase towards the bell tower.
Each space is ends spatially with a dome in front of the altar. The central dome begins from height 12.50 meters over the naos.
The altar is shaped with three apses.
Symmetrically on the axis north – south there are two side entrances, from which one can directly enter the temple. 
         On the basement floor there are a foyer, a lecture hall, a chapel with baptistery, music hall, a room for the electricity system and toilets for men and women. In the mirror of the three armed staircase there is electric platform for disabled persons. 
The roof of the building is semi-cylindrical reinforced concrete shell, covered with copper sheets on a wooden construction. 
The supporting structure of the temple is monolithic, reinforced concrete. The outer enclosing walls are double, 25 cm thick, with an 18 cm air layer, which serves for both sound and thermal isolation. The internal partition walls are made of 12 cm thick bricks. There are some lightweight partition walls made of gypsum cardboard  and mineral wadding.
The outer plaster is silicone, and the inner plaster is from lime ground coat and serves as a base for the iconography. 
All decorative elements on the facades (wall piers, columns wall frames and mouldings) are made of stones from Vratsa.  
  The flooring in the main spaces of the temple is made of marble slabs and in the church shop and offices from granite slabs. The music room has a laminate floor. The cauldron room floor is cement screed.
The doors on all four entrances are solid wood panels. 
The iconostasis in the temple and in the chapel are also of solid wood, rich in carving. 
The window frames are PVC.
In the bell tower there are 8 bells.
     
 
Constructive part
 
The foundation of the construction is full of striped and single steps on the inner columns, the trenches being built to solid soil. The supporting structure is made of monolithic reinforced concrete. The floor structures above the basement and above the first floor are reinforced concrete slabs and beams. 
The roof structure consists of cylindrical shells, slabs and vaulted diaphragms. The main dome of the temple is a globular shell. Four decorative roof domes have been incorporated and instead of roof tiles, covered with copper sheet.  For this purpose, reinforced concrete and wooden constructions are realized. 
The wooden constructions are fixed to reinforced concrete with special metal steps and through pre-set pins f 6.5 in the reinforced concrete roof structure. 
 
 
Part Electrical Installations
 
The power supply to the object is made from a board NN of TP № 47 in Lovech, owned by CEZ Distribution Bulgaria AD. For the purpose of the façade of the transformer substation, an electrometer panel type TEPO 1 P is installed in which is mounted a direct three-phase electric meter for reading the consumed electricity. The NN switchboard connection to the main switchboard, which is mounted in the basement of the building, is made with a cable CABT 3 х70+35 mm2, laid in a trench along a connection passing through a pavement and green areas from the regulation of Lovech
The main electrical panel is mounted in the basement and is executed in a metal cabinet, which is sealed damp proof for wall mounting.
The distribution boards installed on the floors are cable-powered СВТ 5х10 mm2, СВТ 3х6 mm2,СВТ  5х6 mm2 и СВТ 5х16 mm2.
 The protection of electrical equipment and connecting cables from short circuits and overloading is done by automatic fuses and circuit breakers. The tables are grounded.
All lighting fixtures, switches and sockets are installed.
A video and a wireless network is built.
 
Part water 
The building is fed by a street pipeline PRVP f 110 mm/10.
The water meter is mounted in a shaft 2 meters from the property border.
The sewer system is made of PVC f 50, PVC f 110, PVC f 160. The sewer is filled with pipes f 200 and is discharged into a concrete channel f 300. A revisional shaft and a shaft with a non-return valve are installed.
The ventilation of the sewerage network has been completed.
The building has fire-proof water supply, with fire-extinguishing cranes installed on each floor. 
In the basement are built toilets for men and women, equipped with the necessary sanitary utensils and fittings. Hot water is from self-contained water heaters. Water from the baptisms was taken with PVC pipes 1 in the built-in well
 
Heating part 
 
 The heating installation of the facility is executed according to the project of polyethylene pipes, which connect the heating units and the collectors installed in the pipe insulation, the pipes passing into the screed.
   
The following are installed: 1 wall gas condensing single boiler with a capacity of 45 kW. and 2 wall gas condensing single boilers with a capacity of 80 kW.
 
MO-AI type 60 EMMETI type convection heaters have been installed with 6970 watt heat output. at a temperature of 50 ° C.
 
The heating installation is made of two branches, which go from the boiler-collector box to a water collector water distribution. Each branch has a self-contained pump and a separate loop. The site is gas-fired.   
   In each bathroom a fan with a return valve is installed.
 
Geodetic part
 
The vertical planning was executed according to the project. Around the entire building there is a pavement on a sand-cement base.
The pavement of the approach and the northern side is built on reinforced concrete foundation. 
On the southern side, there are monolithic flower gardens, lined with limestone. 
A stairway approach is built between them, lined with granite slabs. On the eastern and northern side of the temple there is a monolithic strip with a height of 0.40 m, on which is mounted an open-air metal fence.